Camels were brought to Australia from the Middle East with their Afghan handlers to provide transport in the desert in the 1800s.
There are two types of camels: the Bactrian (or Asian) camel, which has two humps and the Dromedary (or Arabian) camel, has one hump. Dromedaries are the most common in Australia. The Bactrian is shorter and stockier and can endure variable temperatures (from hot desert in Northern Iran to freezing Tibetan winters). It has longer, finer wool than the Dromedary.
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